John Sherman nicknamed “The Ohio Icicle” was born May 10, 1823 – died October 22, 1900.  Sherman was a U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Ohio during the Civil War and into the late nineteenth century.  He served as both Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of State and was the principal author of the Sherman Antitrust Act.  John was a delegate to the 1848 Whig National Convention which nominated General Zachary Taylor for the presidency and again to the 1852 Whig National Convention which nominated General Winfield Scott. In 1853, he moved to Cleveland, Ohio. In 1854, he was elected a Republican to the United States House of Representatives for Ohio’s thirteenth district where he served as chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means from 1859 to 1861.  After Senator Salmon P. Chase resigned to become the Secretary of the Treasury, Sherman was elected to fill his seat. There, he served as chairman of the Committee on Agriculture from 1863 to 1867 and chairman of the Committee on Finance from 1863 to 1865 and again from 1867 to 1877. In 1877, newly elected President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Sherman Secretary of the Treasury. He served in the position through the entire Hayes administration, 1877 to 1881. In 1880, he sought the Republican nomination for the presidency hoping to become a compromise candidate between Ulysses S. Grant and James G. Blaine, but lost it to his campaign manager James A. Garfield. 

When his term as Treasury Secretary expired, Sherman was elected back to the Senate to fill the seat which was originally elected to James A. Garfield, but Garfield had also won the election to the presidency that year. Sherman served as chairman of the Committee on the Library from 1881 to 1887, chairman of the Republican Conference from 1884 to 1885 and again from 1891 to 1897 and chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations from 1885 to 1893 and again from 1895 to 1897. He was also elected to be President pro tempore of the Senate which he served as from 1885 to 1887. Due to the death of Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks, Sherman was next in line for the presidency after the Speaker of the House of Representatives, John Griffin Carlisle from December of 1885 to January of 1886. He had run for the presidency two more times in 1884 and 1888, but, again, lost the bids to James G. Blaine and Benjamin Harrison. In 1890, Sherman wrote and introduced the Sherman Antitrust Act, the first United States Federal Government action to limit monopolies. It is oldest of all antitrust laws in the United States. It was signed by President Benjamin Harrison that year. In 1897, newly elected President William McKinley appointed Sherman Secretary of State.


Original John Sherman autograph, signed on a fly leaf. Hand Written: John Sherman Ohio. Regular Price – $ 150.00 / Sale Price – $ 95.00.

What People Are Saying…